Freedom of Information and Protection of Privacy Act
Ontario, Chapter F.31


1. The purposes of this Act are,
(a) to provide a right of access to information under the control of institutions in accordance with the principles that,
(i) information should be available to the public,
(ii) necessary exemptions from the right of access should be limited and specific, and
(iii) decisions on the disclosure of government information should be reviewed independently of government; and
(b) to protect the privacy of individuals with respect to personal information about themselves held by institutions and to provide individuals with a right of access to that information. [R.S.O. 1990, c.F.31, s.1.]

2. (1) In this Act,
"head", in respect of an institution, means,
(a) in the case of a ministry, the minister of the Crown who presides over the ministry, and
(b) in the case of any other institution, the person designated as head of that institution in the regulations; ("personne responsable")
"Information and Privacy Commissioner" and "Commissioner"
mean the Commissioner appointed under subsection 4(1) ; ("commissaire à l'information et à la protection de la vie privée", "commissaire")
"institution" means,
(a) a ministry of the Government of Ontario, and
(b) any agency, board, commission, corporation or other body designated as an institution in the regulations; ("institution")
"law enforcement" means,
(a) policing,
(b) investigations or inspections that lead or could lead to proceedings in a court or tribunal if a penalty or sanction could be imposed in those proceedings, and
(c) the conduct of proceedings referred to in clause (b); ("ex\eacute;cution de la loi")
"personal information"
means recorded information about an identifiable individual, including,
(a) information relating to the race, national or ethnic origin, colour, religion, age, sex, sexual orientation or marital or family status of the individual,
(b) information relating to the education or the medical, psychiatric, psychological, criminal or employment history of the individual or information relating to financial transactions in which the individual has been involved,
(c) any identifying number, symbol or other particular assigned to the individual,
(d) the address, telephone number, fingerprints or blood type of the individual,
(e) the personal opinions or views of the individual except where they relate to another individual,
(f) correspondence sent to an institution by the individual that is implicitly or explicitly of a private or confidential nature, and replies to that correspondence that would reveal the contents of the original correspondence,
(g) the views or opinions of another individual about the individual, and
(h) the individual's name where it appears with other personal information relating to the individual or where the disclosure of the name would reveal other personal information about the individual; ("renseignements personnels")
"personal information bank"
means a collection of personal information that is organized and capable of being retrieved using an individual's name or an identifying number or particular assigned to the individual; ("banque de renseignements personnels")
means any record of information however recorded, whether in printed form, on film, by electronic means or otherwise, and includes,
(a) correspondence, a memorandum, a book, a plan, a map, a drawing, a diagram, a pictorial or graphic work, a photograph, a film, a microfilm, a sound recording, a videotape, a machine readable record, any other documentary material, regardless of physical form or characteristics, and any copy thereof, and
(b) subject to the regulations, any record that is capable of being produced from a machine readable record under the control of an institution by means of computer hardware and software or any other information storage equipment and technical expertise normally used by the institution; ("document")
means the regulations made under this Act; ("règlements")
"responsible minister"
means the minister of the Crown who is designated by order of the Lieutenant Governor in Council under
Personal information
(2) Personal information does not include information about an individual who has been dead for more than thirty years. [R.S.O. 1990, c.F.31, s.2.]

Part I - Administration ==> ]