The Statute of Westminster, 1931
	    (British Statutes, 22 George V, Chapter 4)

An Act to give effect to certain resolutions passed by Imperial
Conferences held in the years 1926 and 1930.

						11th December, 1931

WHEREAS the delegates to His Majesty's Governments in the United
Kingdom, the Dominion of Canada, the Commonwealth of Australia, the
Dominion of New Zealand, the Union of South Africa, the Irish Free State
and Newfoundland, at Imperial Conferences holden at Westminster in the
years of our Lord nineteen hundred and twenty-six and nineteen hundred
and thirty did concur in making the declarations and resolutions set
forth in the Reports of the said Conferences:

And whereas it is meet and proper to set out by way of preamble to this
Act that, inasmuch as the Crown is the symbol of the free association
of the members of the British Commonwealth of Nations, and as they are
united by a common allegiance to the Crown, it would be in accord with
the established constitutional position of all the members of the
Commonwealth in relation to one another that any alteration in the law
touching the Succession to the Throne or the Royal Style and Titles
shall hereafter require the assent as well of the Parliaments of all
the Dominions as of the Parliament of the United Kingdom:

And whereas it is in accord with the established constitutional position
that no law hereafter made by the Parliament of the United Kingdom shall
extend to any of the said Dominions as part of the law of that Dominion
otherwise than at the request and with the consent of that Dominion:

And whereas it is necessary for the ratifying, confirming and
establishing of certain of the said declarations and resolutions of
the said Conferences that a law be made and enacted in due form by
authority of the Parliament of the United Kingdom:

And whereas the Dominion of Canada, the Commonwealth of Australia, the
Dominion of New Zealand, the Union of South Africa, the Irish Free
State and Newfoundland have severally requested and consented to the
submission of a measure to the Parliament of the United Kingdom for
making such provision with regard to the matters aforesaid as is
hereafter in this Act contained:

NOW, THEREFORE, BE IT ENACTED by the King's Most Excellent Majesty, by
and with the advice and consent of the Lords Spiritual and Temporal, and
Commons, in this present Parliament assembled, and by the authority of
the same, as follows:--

1.  In this Act the expression "Dominion" means any of the following
    Dominions, that is to say, the Dominion of Canada, the Commonwealth
    of Australia, the Dominion of New Zealand, the Union of South
    Africa, the Irish Free State and Newfoundland.

2.  (1) The Colonial Laws Validity Act, 1865, shall not apply to any
	law made after the commencement of this Act by the Parliament
	of a Dominion.

    (2) No law and no provision of any law made after the commencement
	of this Act by the Parliament of a Dominion shall be void or
	inoperative on the ground that it is repugnant to the law of
	England, or to the provisions of any existing or future Act of
	Parliament of the United Kingdom, or to any order, rule, or
	regulation made under any such Act, and the powers of the
	Parliament of a Dominion shall include the power to repeal or
	amend any such Act, order, rule or regulation in so far as the
	same is part of the law of the Dominion.

3.  It is hereby declared and enacted that the Parliament of a Dominion
    has full power to make laws having extra-territorial operation.

4.  No Act of Parliament of the United Kingdom passed after the
    commencement of this Act shall extend or be deemed to extend, to a
    Dominion as part of the law of that Dominion, unless it is expressly
    declared in that Act that that Dominion has requested, and consented
    to, the enactment thereof.

5.  Without prejudice to the generality of the foregoing provisions of
    this Act, section seven hundred and thirty-five and seven hundred
    and thirty-six of the Merchant Shipping Act, 1894, shall be
    construed as though reference therein to the Legislature of a
    British possession did not include reference to the Parliament
    of a Dominion.

6.  Without prejudice to the generality of the foregoing provisions of
    this Act, section four of the Colonial Courts of Admiralty Act, 1890
    (which requires certain laws to be reserved for the signification of
    His Majesty's pleasure or to contain a suspending clause), and so
    much of section seven of that Act as requires the approval of His
    Majesty in Council to any rules of Court for regulating the practice
    and procedure of a Colonial Court of Admiralty, shall cease to have
    effect in any Dominion as from the commencement of this Act.

7.  (1) Nothing in this Act shall be deemed to apply to the repeal,
	amendment or alteration of the British North America Acts, 1867
	to 1930, or any order, rule or regulation made thereunder.

    (2) The provisions of section two of this Act shall extend to laws
	made by any of the Provinces of Canada and to the powers of the
	legislatures of such Provinces.

    (3) The powers conferred by this Act upon the Parliament of Canada
	or upon the legislatures of the Provinces shall be restricted
	to the enactment of laws in relation to matters within the
	competence of the Parliament of Canada or of any of the
	legislatures of the Provinces respectively.

8.  Nothing in this Act shall be deemed to confer any power to repeal or
    alter the Constitution or the Constitution Act of the Commonwealth
    of Australia or the Constitution Act of the Dominion of New Zealand
    otherwise than in accordance with the law existing before the
    commencement of this Act.

9.  (1) Nothing in this Act shall be deemed to authorize the Parliament
	of the Commonwealth of Australia to make laws on any matter
	within the authority of the States of Australia, not being a
	matter within the authority of the Parliament or Government of
	the Commonwealth of Australia.

    (2) Nothing in this Act shall be deemed to require the concurrence
	of the Parliament or Government of the Commonwealth of
	Australia, in any law made by the Parliament of the United
	Kingdom with respect to any matter within the authority of the
	States of Australia, not being a matter within the authority of
	the Parliament or Government of the Commonwealth of Australia,
	in any case where it would have been in accordance with the
	constitutional practice existing before the commencement of
	this Act that the Parliament of the United Kingdom should make
	that law without such concurrence.

    (3) In the application of this Act to the Commonwealth of Australia
	the request and consent referred to in section four shall mean
	the request and consent of the Parliament and government of the
	Commonwealth.

10. (1) None of the following sections of this Act, that is to say,
	sections two, three, four, five, and six, shall extend to a
	Dominion to which this section applies as part of the law of
	that Dominion unless that section is adopted by the Parliament
	of the Dominion, and any Act of that Parliament adopting any
	section of this Act may provide that the adoption shall have
	effect either from the commencement of this Act or from such
	later date as is specified in the adopting Act.

    (2) The Parliament of any such Dominion as aforesaid may at any time
	revoke the adoption of any section referred to in sub-section
	(1) of this section.

    (3) The Dominions to which this section applies are the Commonwealth
	of Australia, the Dominion of New Zealand, and Newfoundland.

11. Notwithstanding anything in the Interpretation Act, 1889, the
    expression "Colony" shall not, in any Act of the Parliament of the
    United Kingdom passed after the commencement of this Act, include
    a Dominion or any Province or State forming part of a Dominion.

12. This Act may be cited as the Statute of Westminster, 1931.

Last HTML revision: September 8, 1994.